Architect: AHR Architects
Structural engineer: Mott MacDonald
Steelwork contractor: William Hare
Main contractor: Carillion Rail Ltd
Client: Network Rail Infrastructure Ltd and West Yorkshire Combined AuthorityAvailable space for a new entrance to the south of Leeds Station was extremely limited, and as the design had to incorporate access to the existing high-level concourse, a location that straddles the River Aire was consequently the only option.
“We built it over water and so we had river safety issues, while apartment blocks on two sides meant the site was very constrained and required a large 63m-high tower crane,” explains Network Rail Project Manager Luan Anderson.
“We were also working next to and at times over live rail lines so some of our work could only be done during night-time possessions.”
Prior to the erection of the steel-framed entrance superstructure, main contractor Carillion Rail had to first install piled foundations and two concrete piers in the middle of the river.
The piers, supporting a transfer deck, were positioned and aligned with the existing rail viaduct arches so as not to impede the flow of the river during heavy rain.
The steel was installed via the on-site tower crane lifting the members off barges and positioning them directly between the new piers.
The transfer deck comprises a series of galvanized beams positioned at 1.8m centres. The beams span 10.2m between the new concrete piers and cantilever a further 3.5m beyond the centre line of each pier providing support to the columns above, as well as support to an access and maintenance deck around the perimeter of the building base.
The beams bear directly onto each pier via a simple baseplate connection. A series of beams cantilevers 2.3m beyond the southernmost primary beam to complete the curved plan profile of the deck.
“The main reasons why a steel deck was specified were the benefits brought by offsite fabrication and speed of erection that reduced the construction time above the river, which was considered to be a positive health and safety decision,” says Mott MacDonald Project Manager Jon Svikis.
Sitting atop the transfer deck the entrance superstructure comprises a series of portalised arches at 1.8m centres.
The hoops are a maximum of 20m tall, with a horizontal span of approximately 12.5m. Each frame comprises two vertical legs and a curved arch section of varying radii of between 2.8m and 12.3m.
Generally the frames were erected in four pieces. The frames are braced out of plane via a series of SHS members, forming an inherently stable ‘diagrid type’ structure.
There are 11 frames at river deck level; with a further nine frames extending above three existing railway lines to form the connection with the high-level concourse.
This involved construction of a new Ticket Barrier level above platforms 15,16 and 17, crossing three electrified railway lines.
The new ticket barrier level concourse is hung from two primary trusses that span across the lines and were installed during weekend rail possessions. The eastern truss spans 17.7m and is 1.9m deep, while the western truss spans 19.5m and is 2.3m deep.
The judges were impressed by the team’s planning and execution of the erection above the river and within a live station environment.
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